Dating of the book of daniel
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Chapter eleven is the focus of most of the controversy, as, according to most scholars, it gives a very detailed account of the battles of Antiochus Epiphanes.If it weren't for the great details here, most people could assume that the book was written in the sixth century, and that the author got lucky with his vague allusions.
Others have said that the book has many authors (one scholar says that there were six authors).
The book is arranged in two parts, chapters 1-6, which contain historical records, and chapters 7-12 which contain visions that Daniel personally received.
Each part has its chapters arranged chronologically. The Aramaic section is from 2:4b to the end of chapter 7. The idea being that Daniel must have been written not earlier than c.165 BC due to the prophesies in chapter 11 that accurately portray events that occurred in the Middle East up until that time.
Introduction Language considerations Hebrew Aramaic Foreign loan Words Akkadian Persian Greek Literary style Early Texts of Daniel LXX Qumran Internal Evidence ram symbolizing the Persian Empire the temple is viewed as desolate at the time of writing 10:2-4 mourning during Passover The 4 Kingdom Prophecy of the Destruction of the Second Temple External Evidence Bel and the Dragon Ezekiels Daniel Book of Esther Ezra 7:1 - Azariah grandfather to Ezra?
I Maccabees 2 Esdras Hebrew names of the heroes New Testament references Josephus Other external references Daniels grave Examination of Evidence for a Late Date Placement in the Bible (Ketuvim instead of Neviim) Ben Sira Daniels age 1:1 3 year of Nebuchadnezzars reign Chapter 4 - Nebuchadnezzars madness Chapter 11 Antiochus Ephiphanes?
3) who miraculously preserves them in the furnace and, later, Daniel in the lions’ den (Dan. The message to the readers is: remain faithful to the covenant and ultimately Israel will be vindicated.
It was a book which could be updated to accord with changing historical conditions. CE, interpreted the fourth beast as the Romans and assumed that Daniel’s reference to ‘the abomination of desolation’ (Dan.
A word to begin, relative to the state of the question at hand. Since Driver first wrote, the arguments about Daniel have barely changed (Eccl.
In many cases we shall cite an argument originally used by a critic who wrote at the beginning of this century, S. 1:9) - indeed, some of the arguments that Driver later retracted are still in use by some critics.
The first six chapters are the history section, telling of a Jew named Daniel of royal descent, who was taken captive along with the rest of the people from the city of Jerusalem.
King Nebuchadnezzer placed Daniel (among others) in his service, and had them trained.
The second section can either be construed as prophecy, or history containing some prophecy, depending on the date one assumes that the book was written.